The Kibbutz Movement Adapts to a Capitalist Israel

Growing up in Israel in the 1950s on Kibbutz Beit HaEmek, Tsvia Barnea used to receive dresses in the mail from family abroad. But she had to share them with other girls on the communal farm.

The kibbutz was responsible for raising children, so Ms. Barnea lived in a separate house from her parents. When she was a teenager, she ate meals in the communal dining hall and helped out with the farming that supported the largely self-sufficient community.

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